The incidence of activate protein C resistance (4.2%) was within expected limits for the general population as was the incidence of antithrombin deficiency. However Belinostat there was a marked increase in the incidence Of lupus anticoagulants (18%) and 14% and 19.7% of the patients showed a reduced protein C and protein S, respectively, far in excess of the general population. This increased incidence of thrombophilia was not related to any specific CF phenotype and while perturbed liver function cannot be entirely ruled Out, it appeared Unlikely to
be responsible for all the abnormal coagulation findings. Despite the apparent thrombophilia tendency, no clinically evident thrombotic episodes were noted SCH727965 during the Study period. Thrombophilia
is of concern because Of the increasingly frequent placement of indwelling catheters in CF patients. The precise cause for the thrombophilic tendency in CF patients is unknown at this stage.”
“(1) To translate original English Cancer Therapy Satisfaction Questionnaire (CTSQ) into Korean and perform validation, (2) to compare CTSQ domains of expectations of therapy (ET), feelings about side effects (FSE), and satisfaction with therapy (SWT) by cancer therapy type.
Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to guidelines: translation, back translation, focus-group, and field test. We performed validation with internal consistency by Cronbach’s alpha and construct validity by exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with varimax rotation method. We compared each CTSQ domain between traditional Korean Medicine (TKM) this website and integrative cancer therapy (ICT) of combining western and
TKM by two-sample t test.
Cross-cultural adaptation produced no major modifications in the items and domains. A total of 102 outpatients were participated. Mean age was 51.9 +/- A 12.4. Most were stage 4 (74.4 %) cancer. Mean scores of ET, FSE, and SWT were 81.2 +/- A 15.7, 79.5 +/- A 22.9, and 75.7 +/- A 14.8, respectively. Cronbach’s alpha of ET, FSE, and SWT were 0.86, 0.78, and 0.74, respectively. EFA loaded items on the three domains, which is very close to that of the original CTSQ. ET and SWT was similar, but FSE was significantly higher in TKM than ICT (87.5 +/- A 19.3 vs. 74.9 +/- A 23.5; p = 0.0054).
Cross-cultural adaptation was successful, and the adapted Korean CTSQ demonstrated good internal consistency and construct validity. Similar expectation and satisfaction was shown between the two types of therapy, but patient’s reported feelings about side effects was significantly lower in patients receiving TKM than receiving ICT. Korean version of CTSQ can be used to evaluate Korean cancer patient’s experiences receiving various cancer therapy types.”
“Purpose: To present our experience of hand-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy (HALRC) and compare it with open radical cystectomy (ORC).