To screen the piezoelectric potential, positive and negative charges would accumulate at the top and bottom electrodes, respectively. Once the strain is released, the piezoelectric potential should diminish and Selleck Cediranib the accumulated charges should
move back in the opposite direction. Therefore, the continuous application and release of the strain will result in an alternating voltage and current . Figure 4 Schematic diagram and power generation for the LiNbO 3 -PDMS composite nanogenerator. Schematic diagram of the LiNbO3-PDMS composite HM781-36B clinical trial nanogenerator for (a) e 33 and (c) e 31 geometries. Dark brown, yellow, and light blue represent the Kapton film, Au/Cr electrode, and PS film, respectively. The rainbow color of the LiNbO3 nanowires represents the piezoelectric potential after the stress application. The open-circuit voltage (V) and closed-circuit current (I) at selected strains for (b) e 33 and (d) e 31 geometries. To quantify the strain (ϵ), we used Young’s modulus, Y, of the LiNbO3-PDMS, Kapton, and PS films, having values of 0.87, 2.5, and 3.25 GPa, respectively .
The strain for the e 33 geometry was then calculated using the equation ϵ = P/Y, where P represents the applied pressure. To quantify the strain for the e 31 geometry, we calculated the strain neutral line from the equation ΣY i t i y i = 0 (for i = 1 to 4), where t and y represent the thickness of each layer and the distance from the strain neutral line to the center of each https://www.selleckchem.com/products/hmpl-504-azd6094-volitinib.html layer, respectively. The strain for the e 31 geometry was obtained using the equation ϵ = 2 t′ × h/(a 2 + h 2), where a, h, and t′ represent the half-width of the arc, the height of the arc, and the distance from the strain
neutral line to the center of the LiNbO3-PDMS composite layer, respectively . Figure 4b,d shows the open-circuit voltage and closed-circuit current obtained for the e 33 and e 31 geometries, respectively. Through the polarity reversal test, we confirmed that the signals originated from the piezoelectricity of LiNbO3. With an increase in the selleck compound strain, both the voltage and current increased as well. We note that the obtained voltage (current) for the e 33 geometry was almost 20 times (100 times) larger than that for the e 31 geometry for a similar value of the strain. For example, the open-circuit voltage and closed-circuit current (current density) for e 33 with ϵ = 0.0168% were 0.46 V and 9.11 nA (4.64 nA · cm-2), respectively; whereas, for e 31 with ϵ = 0.018%, values of 0.02 V and 0.09 nA (0.044 nA · cm-2) were obtained, respectively. Note that due to the low output voltage and current for e 31, we could not detect a signal for strain lower than ϵ = 0.018%. The electric power generated from the piezoelectric nanostructures was affected by the piezoelectric coefficient, dielectric constant, and strained length of the nanowire .