The factors controlling vascular patterning are not yet completel

The factors controlling vascular patterning are not yet completely understood. Recent studies have highlighted the anatomic and structural similarities between blood vessels and nerves. The 2 networks are often aligned, with nerve fibers and blood vessels following parallel routes. Furthermore, both systems require precise control over their guidance and growth. Several molecules with attractive and

Selleckchem Screening Library repulsive properties have been found to modulate the proper guidance of both nerves and blood vessels. These include the Semaphorins, the Slits, and the Netrins and their receptors. In this review, we describe the molecular mechanisms by which blood vessels and axons achieve proper path finding and the molecular cues that are involved in their guidance. (Circ Res. 2009;104:428-441.)”
“Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality; but its effect on patients undergoing cardiac revascularization is still unclear. Robust evidence demonstrates that diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance are among the main risk factors for restenosis in patients requiring percutaneous myocardial revascularization. The recent advent of drug-eluting stents (DESs) has significantly

reduced the incidence of restenosis compared with bare-metal stents, both in nondiabetic and in diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of MS on the risk of binary restenosis in DES implant recipients. One hundred eighty-nine recipients of successful DES implants ML323 manufacturer performed between January and March 2005 for stable coronary artery disease

underwent 1-year clinical and angiographic follow-up. Body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profile were determined. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, with the waist criterion being substituted by a BMI >= 28.8 kg/m(2). Metabolic and anthropometric information for MS diagnosis was available for 148 of 189 patients; 87 of 148 patients (58%) had MS. Patients with MS had higher BMI (28.4 +/- 3.8 VX-680 vs 26 +/- 2.7 kg/m(2), p <.0001), systolic blood pressure (133 +/- 14 vs 124 +/- 14 mm Hg, P = .0004), and fasting glucose (113 +/- 37 vs 92 +/- 17 mg/dL, P < .0001). They also had higher serum triglycerides (154 +/- 94 vs 113 +/- 43, P = .0018) and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (39 +/- 9 vs 46 +/- 10, P <.0001). Rates of restenosis (10.5% vs 8.1%, P = not significant [NS]), target vessel revascularization (10.5% vs 11.3%, P = NS), and major adverse cardiac events (11.6% vs 14.5%, P = NS) were not significantly different in patients with MS compared with those without MS, nor was any association found between increased end point risk and presence of MS.

Comments are closed.