Human gingival fibroblast migration was assessed using a Matrigel invasion chamber assay. Results We identified K6F, corresponding to the C-terminus region of human cytokeratin 6 (amino acids 359-378), in the gingival crevicular fluid of periodontal disease patients and in EPZ004777 mouse the supernatant from gingival epithelial cells cultured with Kgp. K6F antigen was distributed from the basal to the spinous epithelial layers in gingivae from periodontal disease patients. Cytokeratin 6 on gingival epithelial cells was degraded by Kgp, but not by Arg-gingipain, P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide or Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide. K6F, but not a scrambled K6F peptide, induced human gingival
fibroblast migration and secretion of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. These effects of K6F were mediated by activation of p38 MAPK and Jun N-terminal kinase, but not p42/44 MAPK or p-Akt. Conclusion Kgp degrades gingival epithelial cell cytokeratin 6 to K6F that, on release, induces invasion
and cytokine secretion by human gingival fibroblasts. Thus, Kgp may contribute to the development of periodontal disease.”
“Objective. Studies STI571 suggest that hormonal states affect disease characteristics in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study investigated how age at menopause affects disease in women presenting with early RA. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study of postmenopausal women with early RA under age 65 years at time of enrollment in the Canadian Early Arthritis Cohort. RA-related disease Ricolinostat Epigenetics inhibitor characteristics in women who had early age at menopause (EM; age at menopause smaller than 45 years) were compared to those who had usual age at menopause (age at menopause bigger than = 45 years). The t-test was applied to continuous variables and the chi-square test to categorical variables. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to adjust for age at menopause, smoking, and use of exogenous hormones. Results.
A total of 534 women were included; 93 were in the EM group. The age at RA onset was similar between groups. The EM group had higher mean patient global and pain scores and was more likely to be rheumatoid factor (RF) positive and meet the 1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria for RA. Using multivariate logistic regression, the EM group was more likely to be RF positive (odds ratio 2.2 [95% confidence interval 1.3-3.8], P = 0.005). Symptom duration, joint counts, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints, Health Assessment Questionnaire scores, and inflammatory markers did not differ between groups. Conclusion. These data suggest that early age at menopause, compared to usual age at menopause, is associated with seropositivity in women with early RA.”
“Hosakote YM, Komaravelli N, Mautemps N, Liu T, Garofalo RP, Casola A. Antioxidant mimetics modulate oxidative stress and cellular signaling in airway epithelial cells infected with respiratory syncytial virus.